About our products
Glossary of Active Ingredients
Aloe vera: Aloe vera is well known for its soothing and moisturizing properties. It is also used as an anti-inflammatory topical treatment.
- Reuter J1, Jocher A, Stump J, Grossjohann B, Franke G, Schempp CM. (2008). Investigation of the anti-inflammatory potential of Aloe vera gel (97.5%) in the ultraviolet erythema test. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. ;21(2):106-10. doi: 10.1159/000114871. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18253066
Caprylrl glycol: Mild humectant and skin emollient with a unique skin feel and also improves efficacy of preservatives. Used in foods as a preservative enhancer.
Ceramides: natural part of the cell membrane in the outermost layer of the epidermis. They help the skin to maintain its moisture-binding and protective barrier functions and play a key role in maintaining the moisture level, smoothness, elasticity, and firmness of the skin. Phytosphingosine is a natural chemical found in the body and is part of the family of lipids. These fats are formed by the break down of ceramides.
- Lynde CW1, Andriessen A2, Barankin B3, Gannes GD4, Gulliver W5, Haber R6, McCuaig C7, Rajan P8, Skotnicki SP8, Thomas R9, Toole J10, Vender R11. (2014). Moisturizers and Ceramide-containing Moisturizers May Offer Concomitant Therapy with Benefits. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014 Mar;7(3):18-26. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24688622
Farwick M1, Watson RE, Rawlings AV, Wollenweber U, Lersch P, Bowden JJ, Bastrilles JY, Griffiths CE. (2007). Salicyloyl-phytosphingosine: a novel agent for the repair of photoaged skin. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2007 Aug;29(4):319-29. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-2494.2007.00394.x. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=salicyloyl-phytosphingosine%3A+a+novel+agent+for+the+repair+of+photoaged+skin.
Puviani M1, Agostinis F, Milani M. (2014). Barrier repair therapy for facial atopic eczema with a non-steroidal emollient cream containing rhamnosoft, ceramides and iso-leucine. A six-case report series. Minerva Pediatr. 2014 Aug;66(4):307-11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25198568
Citric Acid: An alpha hydroxy acid derived from citrus fruit. Has mild exfoliating properties and is a natural preservative.
Cyclomethicone & Dimthicone copolyol: A silicone polymer that makes the product last longer and imparts a water resistant/waterproof smooth, silky, soft and non greasy feel to the skin. It also acts as a carrier to deliver active ingredients in to the skin.
Edelweiss extract: a plant extract from the Swiss alpine flower Edelweiss (leontopodium alpinum) that has twice the antioxidant effect of vitamin C and is more stable than vitamin C. This potent anti-oxidant improves the appearance of aged and irritated skin.
- Daniela L1, Alla P, Maurelli R, Elena D, Giovanna P, Vladimir K, Roberto DT, Chiara de L, Saveria P, Liudmila K. (2012). Anti-inflammatory effects of concentrated ethanol extracts of Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum Cass.) callus cultures towards human keratinocytes and endothelial cells. Mediators Inflamm. 2012;2012:498373. doi: 10.1155/2012/498373. Epub 2012 Oct 10. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23093820
Glycerin: This is present in the skin matrix. It is a humectant that aids the skin’s natural protection by filling in the intercellular matrix by attracting the appropriate amount of water to maintain homeostatsis. Some studies show that glycerin aids the skin’s natural lipids (fats & oils) do their jobs better.
Green Tea extract: a potent anti-oxidant that protects the skin against the detrimental effects of environmental pollution and the UV radiation by the inhibition of collagen degradation in the skin. Beneficial for irritated skin.
- Gianeti MD1, Mercurio DG, Campos PM. (2013). The use of green tea extract in cosmetic formulations: not only an antioxidant active ingredient. Dermatol Ther. 2013 May-Jun;26(3):267-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8019.2013.01552.x. Epub 2013 Mar 13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23742288
Niacinamide (vitamin B3): soothes skin and is thus useful for acneic and inflamed skin. Improves the appearance of aged, hyperpigmented and photodamaged skin and prevents pigmentation by decreasing melanin production. Reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines by stimulating collagen & ceramide synthesis, thus improving the functional & structural integrity of the skin barrier.
- Lee do H1, Oh IY, Koo KT, Suk JM, Jung SW, Park JO, Kim BJ, Choi YM. (2014). Reduction in facial hyperpigmentation after treatment with a combination of topical niacinamide and tranexamic acid: a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled trial. Skin Res Technol. 2014 May;20(2):208-12. doi: 10.1111/srt.12107. Epub 2013 Sep 5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24033822
- Alexis AF, Blackcloud P. (2013). Natural ingredients for darker skin types: growing options for hyperpigmentation. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013 Sep;12(9 Suppl):s123-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24002160
Peptide chains: Peptides have been shown in studies to increase collagen production in skin and thus reduces existing wrinkles and prevents the formation of new ones. Studies show a decrease in wrinkles of up to 45% after two months of use.
Phenoxtethanol: a preservative and emollient
Potassium sorbate: a natural preservative used in foods as well.
Rose water: A gentle moisturiser derived from the distillate of rose petals.
Sodium acrylate, acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer, isohexadecane, polysorbate 80: these are thickeners, stabilisers of active ingredients and impart spreadability to the serums.
Sodium PCA: an amino acid found naturally in human skin. It is highly water absorbant and is responsible for binding water to the skin cells. It also enhances the penetration of other active ingredients into the skin.
Sodium hyaluronate: Sodium hyaluronate is the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the body and is more abundant in younger skin. As we age, it declines and skin loses volume. Hyaluronic acid holds multiple its weight in water has moisturizing benefits when applied to the outer layer of skin.
- Witting M1, Boreham A2, Brodwolf R2, Vávrová K3, Alexiev U2, Friess W1, Hedtrich S1,4. (2015).Interactions of hyaluronic Acid with the skin and implications for the dermal delivery of biomacromolecules. Mol Pharm. 2015 May 4;12(5):1391-401. doi: 10.1021/mp500676e. Epub 2015 Apr 22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25871518
Tetrasodium EDTA: A chelating agent that ties up ions in the products thus helping anti-oxidants work better and protecting other ingredients.
Tripeptides and hexapeptides: These ingredients are called the topical “Botox” of cosmoceuticals. Studies show up to 17% reduction in wrinkles after 15 days of use and up to 27% reduction after two months.
- Herndon JH Jr, Jiang L, Kononov T, Fox T. (2015). An Open Label Clinical Trial of a Multi-Ingredient Anti-Aging Moisturizer Designed to Improve the Appearance of Facial Skin. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015 Jul 1;14(7):699-704. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26151786
Wang Y1, Wang M, Xiao S, Pan P, Li P, Huo J. (2013). The anti-wrinkle efficacy of argireline, a synthetic hexapeptide, in Chinese subjects: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2013 Apr;14(2):147-53. doi: 10.1007/s40257-013-0009-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23417317
- Blanes-Mira C1, Clemente J, Jodas G, Gil A, Fernández-Ballester G, Ponsati B, Gutierrez L, Pérez-Payá E, Ferrer-Montiel A. (2002). A synthetic hexapeptide (Argireline) with antiwrinkle activity. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2002 Oct;24(5):303-10. doi: 10.1046/j.1467-2494.2002.00153.x. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18498523
Water: A solvent (a substance, usually liquid, used to dissolve other substances).
Zinc sulphate: An anti-microbial; a natural preservative and enhances the effect of potassium sorbate.